The Effect of School Principal’s Servant Leadership of Vocational Schools in Temanggung Regency

Bagas Dwi Pratomo, Zainal Arifin

Abstract


This research aims to examine the effect off school principal's servant leadership, discipline, work motivation, and teacher’s commitment on the performance of vocational school teachers in Temanggung Regency. The findings show that (1) servant leadership has no significant positive effect on performance; (2) servant leadership has a significant positive effect on discipline by 25%, 18% on work motivation, and 20% on commitment; (3) discipline, work motivation, and commitment significantly have positive effect on performance by 71%; and (4) servant leadership has a significant positive effect on performance through discipline, work motivation, and commitment. Significant performance improvement is not influenced by servant leadership. However, servant leadership has a significant positive effect through mediation of discipline, work motivation, and commitment.

Keywords


Commitment, Discipline, Performance, Servant Leadership, Work Motivation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anilasari, I. N. (2018). Pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, budaya sekolah, dan motivasi kerja guru terhadap kinerja guru di SMPN se-Kota Yogyakarta (Master’s Thesis). Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta.

Arbain. (2013). Pengaruh servant leadership pada komitmen organisasional guru di SMKN 2 Sewon Bantul (Master’s Thesis). Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta.

Arikunto, S. (1998). Prosedur penelitian: Suatu pendekatan praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Ary, D. (2011). Pengantar penelitian dalam pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Asterina, F. (2019). Pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, motivasi kerja, dan disiplin guru terhadap kinerha guru sekolah dasar negeri di Kecamatan Pagelaran Kabupaten Pringsewu Provinsi Lampung (Master’s Thesis). Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182.

Dumatubun, N. (2018). Pengaruh servant leadership terhadap motivasi kerja, kinerja karyawan, dan komitmen organisasi (Master’s Thesis). Sanata Dharma University, Yogyakarta.

Ehrhart, M. G., & Kuenzi, M. (2015). Organizational climate in the work setting. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Science (2nd ed.), 17, 327-333. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.22016-3.

George, J. M., & Jones, G. R. (2002). Organizational behavior. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Goh, S. Y., Kee, D. M. H., Ooi, Q. E., Boo, J. J., Chen, P. Y., Alosaimi, A., & Ghansal, M. (2020). Organizational culture at Starbucks. Journal of The Community Development in Asia, 3(2), 28-34.

Goe, L., & Stickler, L. M. (2008). Teacher quality and student achievement. Washington, DC: National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality.

Greenleaf, R. K. (2002). Servant leadership a journey into the nature of legitimate power & greatness, 25th Anniversary Edition. Paulist Press: Marwah New Jersey.

Guerriero, S. (2014). Teachers’ pedagogical knowledge and the teaching profession. American Education Research Journal, 47(1), 133-180.

Hightower, A., Delgado, R., Lloyd, S., Wittenstein, R. Sellers, K., & Swanson, C. (2011). Improving student learning by supporting quality teaching: Key issues, effective strategies. Bethesda, MD: Editorial Projects in Education, Inc.

Hamzah, B. U. (2016). Teori motivasi & pengukurannya. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Hamzah, N. (2014). Pengaruh kepemimpinan terhadap kinerja karyawan dengan motivasi kerja sebagai variabel intervening pada PT. Inkud Agritama. E-Jurnal Apresiasi Ekonomi, 2(2), 95-101.

Harianto, T. L., Sampeadi., & Shaleh, C. (2014). Pengaruh servant leadership terhadap kinerja pegawai melalui disiplin kerja pada Dinas Pekerjaan Umum PU Pengairan Kabupaten Banyuwangi. SRA-Economic and Business Article. Retrieved from http://repository.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/64426

Hurit, A. A. (2014). Pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, motivasi kerja, dan disiplin kerja terhadap kinerja guru SMA se-Kecamatan Larantuka Kabupaten Flores Timur (Master’s Thesis). Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta.

Kamanjaya, I. G. H., Supartha, W. G., & Dewi, I. G. A. M. (2017). Pengaruh servant leadership terhadap komitmen organisasional dan kinerja pegawai. E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana, 6(7), 2731-2760.

Law No. 14 of 2005 on Teachers and Lecturers.

Lee, J. C., Zhang, Z., & Yin, H. (2011). A multilevel analysis of the impact of a professional learning community, faculty trust in colleagues and collective efficacy on teacher’s commitment to students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 27(5), 820-830.

Leonard, C., & Trusty, Jr. K. A. (2016). Supervision: Concept and practices of management (13rd ed.). USA: South Westhern College Pub.

Lisbijanto, H., & Budiyanto. (2014). Influence of servant leadership on organization performance through job satisfaction in employees’ cooperative Surabaya. International Journal of Business and Management Invention, 3(4), 1-6.

Ministry of Education and Culture (2019). Data UKG. Retrieved from https://npd.kemdikbud.go.id/?appid=ukg

Musakabe, H. (2004). Mencari kepemimpinan sejati, di tengah krisis dan reformasi. Jakarta: Penerbit Citra Insan Pembaru.

Nasrun., & Nasution, N. B. (2016). The principal transformational leadership effect on the performance of teacher in public high school in Medan City. Proceedings of International Conference on Educational Management and Administration & the 4th Congress of ISM API, Indonesia, 280-285.

Nasution, I. (2013). Motivasi kerja sebagai salah satu faktor pendorong kinerja. Visipena: Jurnal Komunikasi Pendidikan, 4(2), 1-12.

Nelson, B. (2013). Exploring the relationship between the ventures for excellence teacher style profile data and teacher’s performance (Doctoral dissertation). Education Faculty of Lindenwood University, Missouri.

Parayuda, R. (2018). Pengaruh motivasi kerja guru, kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, dan budaya sekolah terhadap disiplin kerja guru sekolah menengah atas di Kecamatan Depok, Sleman (Master’s Thesis). Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta.

Pramudito, L., & Yunianto, A. (2009). Pengaruh kepemimpinan dan motivasi terhadap kinerja dengan komitmen organisasional sebagai mediasi. Telaah Manajemen, 6(1), 1 -18.

Pramudjono. (2015). Pengaruh gaya kepemimpinan, tingkat hierarki moral, dan motivasi terhadap komitmen guru. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 34(3), 449-456.

Purwoko, S. (2018). Pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, komitmen guru, disiplin kerja guru, dan budaya sekolah terhadap kinerja guru di SMK Negeri Kabupaten Sleman Yogyakarta. Jurnal Akuntabilitas Manajemen Pendidikan, 6(2), 149-162.

Quinn, M. D. (2005). Leadership: How to Lead, How to Live. Waltham, MA: Mind Edge Press.

Robbins, S. P., & Coulter, M. (2013). Management (11th ed.). England: Pearson Education Limited.

Setiyati, S. (2014). Pengaruh kepemimpinan kepala sekolah, motivasi kerja, dan budaya sekolah terhadap kinerja guru. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, 22(2), 200-207.

Shekari, H., & Nikooparvar, M. Z. (2012). Promoting leadership effectiveness in organizations: A case study on the involved factor of servant leadership. International Journal of Business Administration, 3(1), 54-65.

Smith, S. C., & Piele, P. K. (2006). School leadership: Handbook for excellence in student learning. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.

Sapengga, S. E. (2016). Pengaruh servant leadership terhadap kinerja karyawan pada PT. Daun Kencana Sakti Mojokerto. Agora, 4(1), 645-650.

Sulaiman, D. A. (1979). Teori dan praktek pengajaran. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press.

Suriansyah, A. (2014). Hubungan budaya sekolah, komunikasi, dan komitmen kerja terhadap kinerja guru sekolah dasar negeri. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 33(3), 358-367.

Terry, G. R. (1993) Principles of management. Illinois: Learning System Company.

Wahyuni, E. (2015). Pengaruh budaya organisasi dan gaya kepemimpinan terhadap kinerja pegawai bagian keuangan organisasi sektor publik dengan motivasi kerja sebagai variabel intervening. Jurnal Nominal, 4(1), 96-112.

Withmore, J. (1997). Seni mengarahkan untuk mendongkrak kinerja (Y. Dwi Helly Purnomo, Trans.). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32535/ijabim.v5i3.975

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Applied Business and International Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by : Association of International Business & Professional Management Publisher
Editorial Office:
Association of International Business and Professional Management (AIBPM) JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
Phone:
+62 341 366222
Email: journal.ijabim@gmail.com (Administrator), 
           ijabimeditor@ejournal.aibpm.org (Editorial)
Website: http://www.ejournal.aibpm.org

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us

ISSN 2614-7432 (Print)
ISSN 2621-2862 (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

International Journal of Applied Business and International Management INDEXED: