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Author Guidelines



Author’s Name



Co-Author’s Name



Co-Author’s Name





The abstract should summarize the content of the paper and be informative for non-specialists. Please keep the abstract to less than 120 words. Please use single line spacing throughout your document. Do not have references or equations in the abstract. The content of your paper should follow the abstract and keywords.


Keywords: Include up to six keywords that describe your paper for indexing and for web searches in your manuscript. An example for this document follows: author guide, manuscript format, camera-ready




Your manuscript should be prepared to be printed on 8.5” x 11” (U.S. letter size) paper. It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be printed to a standard office laser printer and then duplicated for the proceedings -- exactly as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance. A paper submitted that does not comply with these Proceedings Formatting instructions will not be published.


There is a limit of 10 pages (body of text typed in single-spaced, Times New Roman font size of 11) for each paper in the hard copy of the Proceedings.




General Appearance

The text must be in English. The submitted computer files of each contribution must be in their final form and of good appearance because they will be printed out directly. It is essential that your DOC or RTF file be “camera-ready” for duplication. The document you are reading is in the format that should be used to prepare your paper.



To ensure uniformity of appearance for the Proceedings and the International Journal of Applied Business Research and International Management, your paper should conform to the following general specifications:

1)   The document is to be set for 8.5” x 11” (U.S. Letter Size) paper.

2)   Left aligned text, with all margins set at 1 inch but left margin is 1.5”

3)   Number the pages so that reviewers can provide specific comments/feedback on your manuscript.

4)   The Header should be set at 0.5 inches and the Footer at 0.75 inches.

5)   Use SINGLE spacing throughout your document.




Documents must be prepared using Times New Roman font. All text must use an 11-point font size. Some technical formatting programs print mathematical formulas in italic type, with subscripts and superscripts in a slightly smaller font size. This is acceptable.


Microsoft Word and RTF digital files are acceptable. Documents containing text written in other alphabet types must be saved as a PDF file to preserve the original formatting.




Major headings are to be centered in a bold font and in capital without underline. They may be numbered, if so desired. “HEADINGS” at the top of this paragraph is a major heading. Insert one line above and below each major heading.



The title should be centered across the top of the first page and in a 12-point font.



Subheadings should be in a bold font in lower case with initial capitals. They should start at the left-hand margin on a separate line.


Sub-subheadings: Sub-subheadings are to be in a bold font. They should be indented and run in at the beginning of the paragraph.


Keywords: From 5 to 7 keywords may follow the abstract (as shown in this document).


References within the text: Use the APA Editorial Style format when citing references in the text as shown at the end of this sentence (Terpstra, 2004, pp. 252), (Spillan & Ziemnowicz, 2003), and (Meraz, 2001; Zimmerman, 2004; Koh et al., 2005). For reviews, see Terpstra (1998, 2000) and Lim and Kim (2005).


Graphics: All illustrations, pictures, and charts should be clear prints. They should be within the text as appropriate, or all placed at the end of the paper. Make sure that you include a caption for each graphic.


Acknowledgements: Any acknowledgments should be placed just before the references.


Footnotes: Footnotes should be in singled-line spacing at the bottom of the page where it is cited.




You are advised to use a professional editor to review your paper. Computerized software grammar checkers may not be adequate to check your document.




The better you look, the better we all look. Thank you for your cooperation and contribution.




References used in your document should follow APA Editorial Style formats. The following “Manuscript format and style guide” examples are sourced from the Journal of International Business Studies (”.


The reference list should follow the notes at the end of the manuscript in Harvard (name and date) format. Authors should make certain that there is a complete reference for every citation in the text and that the cited dates and the spellings of the authors' names in the text and references are in agreement. References should be typed with “hanging” indentation”. The following are examples of proper form:


(a) Journal Articles

Cosset, J. and Suret, J. (1995) 'Political Risk and Benefits of International Portfolio Diversification', Journal of International Business Studies, 26(2): 301-318.

Johansson, J.K., Douglas, S.P. and Nonaka, I. (1985) ‘Assessing the Impact of Country of Origin on Product Evaluations: A New Methodological Perspective’, Journal of Marketing Research 22(4): 388-396.


(b) Books

Donahoe, J.D. (1989) The Privatization Decision, Basic Books: New York.


(c) Papers

Harley, N.H (1981) 'Radon Risk Models', in A.R. Knight and B. Harrad (eds.) Indoor Air and Human Health, Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 29-31 October 1981; Knoxville, USA. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp 69-78.


(d) Chapters in Edited Books

Teece, D.J. (1987) 'Capturing Value from Technological Innovation: Integration, Strategic Partnering and Licensing Decisions', in R.B. Guile and H. Brooks (eds.) Technology and global industry: Companies and Nations in the World Economy, Washington DC: National Academy Press, pp.19-38.


(e) Dissertations

Salk, J.E. (1992) 'Shared Management Joint Ventures: Their Developmental Patterns, Challenges and Possibilities' Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.


(f) Online documents

Van de Vliert, E. (2002) 'Thermoclimate, Culture, and Poverty as Country-level Roots of Workers' Wages', [www document] (accessed 13 January 2003).


(g) Online journal articles

Van de Vliert, E. (2002) 'Thermoclimate, Culture, and Poverty as Country-level Roots of Workers' Wages', Journal of International Business Studies, doi: 10.1057/palgrave.jibs.8400007




Tables and figures should follow the references. Make sure that every table or figure is referred to in the text. The table or figure will be placed after the first mention in the text or all placed at the end of the paper. Legends should be short, descriptive and define any acronyms, abbreviations or symbols used.




Authors are responsible for supplying camera-ready copy of their figures. Number your figures with Arabic numerals in order of their appearance. The font used for labeling should be no smaller than 8 points after the figure has been resized to the column width for typesetting. Tints are not acceptable, as they do not reproduce well in printing.




Number each table consecutively with Arabic numerals and single space them. Avoid using vertical rules. Horizontal lines should be used only above and below column headings, as well as at the bottom of the table.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this Journal.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Head of Editor

Liem Gai Sin, Ph.D