Optimal Island City Capacity: Ternate City Case

Muhammad Zais M. Samiun

Abstract


Cities that grow on an island have limitations in utilizing space for various activities. The limited space of island activity, population growth, and high urban activity have signaled the need to analyze the optimal capacity of island cities. With the Ternate City case study, this study aims to determine the capacity of island cities economically by analyzing the optimal size of island city residents. The optimal measurement of island cities uses the Alonso-Richardson approach, minimum management cost, net benefit, and long-term profit. The results of the analysis showed that the city of Ternate, with a population density of 1,264 people / km2 per the year 2020, has exceeded the optimum capacity of the size of the city both from the minimum per capita city management fee (658 people/km2) and from the maximum approach of per capita benefits (877 people/km2). While from the long-term maximum per capita profit approach, the city's population is still below the optimum limit (2,054 inhabitants/km2). Thus, strict population control is essential, especially on Ternate island, through the spread of residents and activities directed to islands or sub-districts whose urbanization is still below the optimum point of the city population.

 

 

 

 


Keywords


Island City Capacity, Optimal City Size, Ternate

Full Text:

PDF PDF

References


Arif, A. A., Machdar, I., Azmeri., & Achmad, A. (2019). Changes of land use and land cover in small islands case study: Weh-Sabang Island, Indonesia. Jurnal Koridor, 10(1), 48–53. doi: 10.32734/koridor.v10i1.1385

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Ternate. (2021). Kota Ternate dalam angka 2021. Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Ternate, (82710.2101), 1–391.

Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia. (2010). Peraturan Kepala Badan Pusat Statistik Nomor 37 Tahun 2010. Badan Pusat Statisistik Republik Indonesia, 355.

Batty, M. (2013). A theory of city size. Science, 340(6139), 1418–1419. doi: 10.1126/science.1239870

Burnett, P. (2016). Overpopulation, optimal city size and the efficiency of urban sprawl. Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies, 28(3), 143–161. doi: 10.1111/rurd.12051

Cheng, Y., & Ma, C. (2017). Rethinking the optimal city size from the perspective of the city network. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 5(5), 134–145. doi: 10.4236/jss.2017.55010

Frick, S. A., & Rodríguez-Pose, A. (2016). Average city size and economic growth. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 9(2), 301–318. doi: 10.1093/cjres/rsw013

Grydehoj, A., Pinya, X. B., Cooke, G., Doratli, N., Elewa, A., Kelman, I., … Swaminathan, R. (2015). Returning from the Horizon: Introducing urban island studies. Urban Island Studies, 1(2015), 1–19. doi: 10.20958/uis.2015.1

Ibrahim, M. (2018). Morfologi Kota Ternate. Jurnal of Science and Engineering, 1(5), 61–70.

Imelda, I., Yunisvita, Y., Soebyakto, B. B., & Apriani, D. (2020). Does Palembang city’s population growth affect optimal city size: Minimum cost and maximum net benefit approach? Atlantis Press SARL, 142 (5th Sriwijaya Economics, Accounting, and Business Conference (SEABC 2019)), 463–467. doi: 10.2991/aebmr.k.200520.077

Kosuma, S., Palar, S. W., & Lapian, A. L. C. P. (2016). Analisis struktur perekonomian dan pertumbuhan ekonomi di Kota Ternate. Jurnal Berkala Ilmiah Efisiensi, 16(2), 507–516.

Kotib, M. (2020). The role of traditional market retribution subsectors on local own revenue in Ternate City. Journal of International Conference Proceedings, 3(3), 15-23.

Maulana, A., & Benita, T. (2017). Typology of island city in Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 79(1), 012026. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/79/1/012026

Motak, M. (2016). Island cities - A restriction or an opportunity? Typology of island cities. International Conference Virtual City and Territory - 11th Congress Virtual City and Territory, Krakow, 6-8 July 2016. Barcelona: Centre de Política de Sòl i Valoracions, 129–143.

Sjafrizal., Suhairi., Winarno., & Wau, T. (2016). Economic measurement of optimal city size: The case of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis, 8(2), 203–216. doi: 10.37043/jura.2016.8.2.6

Tutt, P. A. (2014). Defining the island city: Ancient right versus modern metropolis, as considered at Peel, Isle of Man. Island Studies Journal, 9(2), 191–204.

UNEP. (2014). Emerging issues for small island developing states (Results of the UNEP/UN DESA Foresight Process). Nairobi, Kenya.: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

UU RI No 26. (2007). Undang-Undang RI No 26 Tahun 2007 tentang Penataan Ruang. 1–107.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32535/ijabim.v7i1.1440

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Zais M. Samiun

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by : 

AIBPM Publisher

Editorial Office:

JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
Phone:
+62 341 366222
Email: journal.ijabim@gmail.com (Administrator), 
           ijabimeditor@ejournal.aibpm.org (Editorial)
Website: http://www.ejournal.aibpm.org

Supported by: Association of International Business & Professional Management 

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us

ISSN 2614-7432 (Print)
ISSN 2621-2862 (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

International Journal of Applied Business and International Management (IJABIM) INDEXED:

      

    

        

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.