Antecedents and Consequences of Peer Support

Purbudi Wahyuni


This article aims to build an understanding of antecedents and the consequences of peer support. This research examined 42 articles that analyze peer support consisting of nine journals that analyze concept, comments, and descriptive reviews, and 42 articles are analyzed empirically.. The findings show that individual perception is related to willingness to perform peer support. Peer support occurs when the relationship between others is based on belief, trust, attitude and interpersonal relationship mutually maintained.



Attitude, Belief, Fairness, Peer Support, Trust

Full Text:



Albrecht, T. & Adelman, M. (1987). Communicating social support. Newbury Park: Sage.

Atkinson, A. (1974). Motivation in fantacy action and society. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: D. Vanostrand.

Bacharach, S. B., Bamberger, P. A., & McKinney, V. (2000). Boundary management tactics and logics of action: The case of peer-support providers. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45, 704-736.

Bacharach, S. B., & Bamberger, P. A. (2005). Diversity and homophily at work: Supportive relations among white and African-American peers. Academy of Management Journal, 48(4), 619-644.

Balk, W. L. (1964). Status perceptions of management “peer”. Academy of Management Journal, December, 431-437.

Baum, J. R., Frese, M., & Baron, R. A. (1991). The psychology of entrepreneurship. Mahwa, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Beehr, A. T., Jex , M. S., Stacy, A. B., & Murray, A. M. (2000). Work stressors and coworker support as predictors of individual strain and job performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21(4), 391-405.

Bradway, L. K. (2002). Effect of upward influence tactics on coworker: An equity perspective (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). University of Illinois, Chicago.

Bruning., & Seers. (2004). Social psychology. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Burnett, D. D. (2005). A personality trait activation framework applied to coworker preference (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation).

Cobb, A. T. (1980). Informal influence in the formal organization: Perceived sources of power among work unit peers. Academy of Management Journal, 23(1), 155-161.

Cormick, M., & Ilgen, D. R. (2001). Industrial psychology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.

Cumming, A. (1997).The radicalness of employee ideas: An interactive model of co-worker networks and problem solving styles (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

De Nisi, A. S., & Mitchell, J. L. (1978). An analysis of peer ratings as predictors and criterion measures and a proposed new application. Academy of Management Review, 3(2), 369-374.

De Nisi, A. S., Randolph, W. A. & Blencoe, A. G. (1983). Potential problems with peer ratings. Academy of Management Journal, 26(3), 457-464.

Doyle, K. O., & Crichton, L. I. (1978). Student, peer, and self evaluations of college Instructors. Journal of Educational Psychology, 70(5), 815-826.

Egdorf, K. L. (1996). Communicating with coworkers during organizational downsizing: A social construction erspective on sense-making and social support interactions. Dissertation Abstracts International, 57212A.

Farrel, S. K. (2005). Coworker Perceptions of distribution justice in response to rewarded organizational citizen behavior: The role of attributions (unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Northern Illinois University, Illinois.

Fried, Y., & Tiegs, R. B. (1993). The main effect model versus buffering model of shop steward social support: A study of rank-in-file auto workers in the USA. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 14, 483-488.

Glesspen, A. V. (1997). The development of coworker relationship that support or inhibit continuous learning. Retrieved from

Graen, G., B., & Uhl Bien, M. (1995). Relationship-based approach to leadership: Development of Leader Member Exchange (LMX) Theory of leadership over 25 years: Applying in multi-level multi-domain perspective. Leadership Quarterly, 6(2), 219-247.

Grandey, A. A. (2003). When “The Show Must Go On”: Surface acting and deep acting as determinants of emotional exhaustion and peer-rated service delivery. Academy of Management Journal, 46(1), 86-96.

Hicks, J. M. (1967). Comparative validation of attitude measures by the multitrait- -multimethod matrix. Educational and Psychology Measurement, 27, 985-995.

Hart, J. W. (1999). Achievement motivation and expected coworker effort on collective task performance. Retrieved from

Holzbach, R. L. (1978). Rater bias in performance rating: Supervisor, self, and peer ratings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63(5), 579-588.

House, J. S. (1981). Measurement and concepts of social support. New York: Academic Press, Inc.

House, L. R. (1985). A guide to sorghum breeding. Andhra Pradesh: International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics.

Ibarra, H. (1997). Paving an alternative route: Gender difference in managerial networks. Social Psychology Quarterly, 60, 91-102.

Inman, J. (2001). Relationships among employees job satisfaction, satisfaction with coworkers interpersonal relationship styles. Retrieved from

Irdina, I., Kee, D. M. H., Reddy, V., Izzati, Z., Sri, K., Perez, M. G. P., . . . Pandey, R. (2020). AirAsia’s efforts in maintaining good workplace environment for its employees during Covid-19. International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality in Asia Pasific, 3(3), 22-32. doi:10.32535/ijthap.v3i3.941

Jacoby, J., & Olson, J. C. (1970). An attiudinal model of brand loyality: Conseptual underpinnings and instrumentation research. Paper presented at the University of Illinois Conference on Attitude Research and Consumer Behavior, Urbana, Illinois, 1970.

Kane, J. S., & Lawler III, E. E. (1978). Method of peer assessment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(3), 555-586.

Kaplan, R. S. (1984). The evolution of management accounting. The Accounting Review, July, 59(3), 390-418.

Keup, L., Bruning, N. S., & Seers, A. (2004). Members, leaders and team: Extending LMX to co-worker relationships. Paper presented at ASAC 2004 Conference, Quebec, June 5-8.

Kim, P. H., (2003). When private beliefs shape collective reality: The effects of beliefs about co-workers on group discussion and performance. Management Science, 49(6), 801-815.

Kirmeyer, S. L. & Lin, T. R. (1987). Social support: Its relationship to observed communication with peers and superiors. Academy of Management Journal, 30(1), 138-151.

Kloeppel, E. (2006). Workplace disclosure if intimate partner abuse: An examination of supervisory and coworker support (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation).

Kohli, A. K., & Jaworski, B. J. (1994). The influence of co-worker feedback on salespeople. Journal of Marketing, 58, 82-94.

Kotter, J. P. (1982). The general managers. New York: Free Press.

Kram, K. E., & Isabella, L. A. (1985). Mentoring alternatives: The role of peer relationships in career development. Academy of Management Journal, 28(1), 110-132.

Latane, B., William, K., & Harkins, S. (1979). Many hands make light the work: The causes and consequences of social loafing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 822-832.

Latané, B. (1981). The psychology of social impact. American Psychologist, 36(4), 343–356. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.36.4.343

LePine, J. A., & Dyne, L. V. (2001). Peer responses to low performers: An attributional model of helping in the context of groups. Academy of Management Review, 2(1), 67-84.

Lilius, J. M. (2006). Being there or being competent? How co-worker support contributes to unit performance (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation).

Loughry, M. L., 2002. Co-worker are watching: Performance implications of peer monitoring. Academy of Management Proceeding, 1-6.

Love, K. G. (1981). Comparison of peer assessment methods: Reliability, validity, friendship bias, and user reaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 66(4), 451-457.

McEvoy, G. M., & Buller, P. F. (1987). User acceptance of peer appraisal in an industrial setting. Journal of Applied Psychology, 40(4), 785-794.

Miller, B. K., (2002). Helping disable coworker: An attribution - based laboratory experiment (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation).

Miller, K. R. (2005). Supervisor and recipient perceptions of altruism: Is coworker help always helpful? (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation).

Mitchel, K. E. (1997). The relationship of personality trait and coworker norm to performance and cheating (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). State University of New York, Albany.

Morgan, R. B. (1993). Self and co-worker perceptions of ethics and their relationships to leadership and salary. Academy of Management Journal, 36(1), 200-214.

O’Reilly III, C. A. (1977). Supervisor and peers as information sources, group supportiveness and individual decisions-making performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62(5), 632-635.

Payne, E. G. (1980). Principle of educational sociology an outline. New York: University Book Store.

Pickworth, R., (2005). Employee value congruence with supervisors and coworkers: A cross-cultural study. Retrieved from

Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B. ., Paine, J. ., & Bachrach, D. (2000). Organizational citizenship behavior: A critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature and suggestions for future research. Journal of Management, 26(3), 513-563.

Randell, M. L. (1998). Coworker reaction to a partner with a physical disability. Retrieved from

Rice, R. W., 1976. Psychometric properties of the esteem for Least Preferred Coworker (LPC) Scale. Academy of Management Review, January, 106-118.

Schaubroeck, J., & Lam, S. S. K. (2002). How similarity to peers and supervisor influences organizational advancement in different cultures. Academy of Management Journal, 45(6), 1120-1136.

Sherony, K. M., & Green, S. G. (2002). Coworker exchange: Relationships between coworkers, LMX, and work attitudes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(3), 542-548.

Struthers, C. W., Miller, D. L., Boudens, C. J., & Briggs, G. L. (2001). Effects of causal attributions on coworker interactions: A social motivation perspective. Journal of Educational Psychology, 23(3), 169-181.

Thomas, A. (1993). 7 Kinds of smart: Identifying and developing your intelligences. New York: Penguin Group.

Trevino, L. K., & Victor, B. (1992). Peer reporting of unethical behavior: A social context perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 35(1), 38-64.

Uzzi, B. (1996). The sources and consequences of embeded ness for the economic performance of organizations: The network effect. American Sociological Review, 61, 674-698.

Viswesvaran, C., Schmidt, F. L., & Ones, D. S. (2002). The moderating influence of job performance dimensions on convergence of supervisory and peer ratings of job performance: Un-confounding construct-level convergence and rating difficulty. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(2), 345-354.

Walz, S. M., & Niehoff, B. P. (1996). Organizational citizen behaviors and their effect on organizational effectiveness in limited-menu restaurants. Academy of Management Best Papers Proceedings, 307-311.

Willis, W. H. (1981). An incomplete guide to the future. California: Stanford Alu.

Wills, T. A. & Cohen S (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological Bulletin, 98(2), 310-357.

Yukl, G. A., & Kanter. (1982). Leadership in organizations. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Purbudi Wahyuni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by : 

AIBPM Publisher

Editorial Office:

JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
+62 341 366222
Email: (Administrator), 

Supported by: Association of International Business & Professional Management 

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us

ISSN 2614-7432 (Print)
ISSN 2621-2862 (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

International Journal of Applied Business and International Management (IJABIM) INDEXED:




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.