Analysis of Income on the Partnership Program-based Broiler Business in Regency of North Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

L S Kalangi, S O B Lombogia, M N Regar

Abstract


The partnership program-based broiler farming business (main-plasma), located in Regency of North, Province of North Sulawesi, Indonesia is performed due to the limit of capital, skill, market access and lack of ability in projecting fluctuated market demand. In addition, Covid-19 pandemic has provenly affected broiler farming business, showed by declining broiler’s demand and production, particularly on the decreasing income of farmers. Hence, the objective of this research is to examine if it is there is a difference among total of DOC (Day-Old Chick) input, feed conversion ratio (FCR), mortality rate, weight of harvest, raising period, and harvest time, pre- and during Covid-19 pandemic, and analyze some impacts of the existing Covid-19 pandemic and some different variables on the income of the partnership program-based broiler farming business. Technically, the purposive sampling was employed as the sampling method in selecting districts, villages, and farmers. Then, data was analyzed by the paired t-test sample using SPSS 22 and multiple-regression analysis by E-views 11 program. As the result, the paired t-test sample shows that variable of income, total of DOC (Day-Old Chick), FCR, mortality rate, rate of broiler’s weight, raising period, and harvest time in pre- and during Covid-19 pandemic was significantly different, where the value of Sig. (2-tailed) was < 0.05, while, the variable of total of DOC and raising period had significantly positive impact on income, variable of FCR and harvest time had significantly negative impact on farmer’s income. Variable of dummy pandemic could decrease farmer’s income in the partnership program-based broiler farming business; however, it was unimportant.

Keywords


DOC, FCR, Income, maintenance period, mortality rate, pandemic, partnership

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alfa, H. F., Ekowati T., & Handayani, M. (2016). Analisis pendapatan usaha ayam broiler di Kecamatan Jalaksana Kabupaten Kuningan Jawa Barat. Mediagro, 12(2), 65-73.

Aikaeli, J. (2010). Determinants of rural income in Tanzania: An empirical approach. Research Report 10/4, Dar es Salaam. Research on poverty Alleviation (REPOA).

Allama, H., Sofyan, O., Widodo, E., & Prayogi, H. S. (2012). Pengaruh penggunaan tepung ulat kandang (Alphitobius diaperinus) dalam pakan terhadap penampilan produksi ayam pedaging. Jurnal Ilmu – Ilmu Peternakan, 22 (3): 1-8.

Bahari, F. N., Mustadjab, M. M., Hanani, N., & Nugroho, B. A. (2012). Analisis contract farming usaha ayam broiler. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 30(2), 109-127.

Bell, D. D., & Weaver, Jr., W. D. (2002). Commercial chicken meat and egg production [5th Ed]. New York: Springer Science Business Media.

The Minister of Agriculture Decree Number, 940/Kpts/Ot.210/10/1997, Regarding guidelines for agricultural business partnership of the Minister of Agriculture. Retrieved online from http://perundangan.pertanian.go.id/admin/k_mentan/SK-940-97.pdf.

Fitrah, H. (2013). Analisis break-even point usaha peternakan ayam broiler (pedaging) di Desa ujung baru Kecamatan Bati-Bati Kabupaten Tanah Laut Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Enviroscienteae, 9(2), 72-80.

Fuad, Y. (1997). Usaha peternakan ayam broiler. Jakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

Ghozali, I., & Ratmono, D. (2013). Analisis multivariat dan ekonometrika (teori, konsep, dan aplikasi dengan e-views 8. Semarang: Badan penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

Hermanto, A., Suarda, A., Astati., & Asgaf, K. (2017). Hubungan skala usaha pemeliharaan ayam broiler terhadap pendapatan peternak di Kecamatan Sukamaju Kabupaten Luwu Utara. Jurnal Ilmu dan Industri Perternakan, 3(3), 203-220.

Ike, P. C., & Ugwumba, C. O. A. (2011). Profitability of small-scale broiler production in onitsha north local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science,10(2), 106-109. Retrieved online from http://free-journal.umm.ac.id/files/file/Profitability.

Lestari, R. I., Budiharjo, K., & Handayani, M. (2016). Analisis profitabilitas usaha peternakan pola kemitraan ayam pedaging di Kecamatan Ungaran Timur Kabupaten Semarang. Jurnal Pengembangan Penyuluhan Pertanian, 13(24), 47-55.

Mahendra, A. D. (2014). Analisis pengaruh pendidikan, upah, jenis kelamin, umur dan pengalaman kerja terhadap produktifitas tenaga kerja (Studi kasus di industri kecil tempe, Kota Semarang) [Published Bachelor’s Thesis]. Semarang: Diponegoro University.

Majid, R. B., & Hassan, S. (2013, October 22nd-23rd). Performance of broiler contract farmers: A case study in Perak, Malaysia. International Agribusiness Marketing Conference, IAMC 2013, 18-25, Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia.

Murti, A. T., & Santoso, E. P. (2017). Faktor – faktor yang mempengaruhi produksi usaha peternakan broiler pola kemitraan di Kabupaten Blitar. OPTIMA Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis, Ekonomi dan Sosial, 1(1), 12-22.

Nina. (2013). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi usaha ternak sapi potong di Kecamatan Tapanuli, Kabupaten Padang Sidempuan, Sumatera Utara.

Nugraha, Y. A., Nissa, K., Nurbaeti, N., Amrullah, F. M., & Harjanti, D. W. (2017). Pertambahan bobot badan dan feed conversion rate ayam broiler yang dipelihara menggunakan desinfektan herbal. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan, 27(2), 19-24.

Nurjana, I. N., Anggraeni, R., & Kruniasih, I. (2015). Analisis pendapatan dan kelayakan usaha peternakan ayam boiler di Kecamatan Moyudan Sleman. Jurnal Pertanian Agros 17(2), 214-221.

Pambudi, T. R., Edy, O. D., & Hidayat, N. N. (2013). Operating profit and profitability analysis commercial chicken (Case Study to partnership Ismaya Unggas Makmur in Kebumen Regency). Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan,1(3), 1128-1135.

Pakage, S., Hartono, B., Fanani, Z., & Nugroho, B. A. (2015). Analysis of technical, allocative and economic efficiency of broiler production using closed house system in Malang District of East Java Indonesia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 27(9).

Ramadhany, W. K. (2018). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pendapatan usaha ternak broiler pola kemitraan di Cv. Indahnya Maju Bersama Kabupaten Pasuruan [Published Bachelor’s Thesis]. Malang: Brawijaya University.

Ratnasari, R., Sarengat, W., & Setiadi, A. (2015). Analisis pendapatan peternak ayam broiler pada sistem kemitraan di Kecamatan Gunung Pati Kota Semarang. Animal Agriculture Journal, 4(1), 47-53.

Respati, A. N., Hakim, A., & Kusuma, A. H. A. (2020). Comparation of production and financial analysis of broiler farm with close house and open house farm system in partnership patterns. Bantara Journal of Animal Science, 2(1), 1-7.

Rohmad. (2013). Analisis produktivitas usaha peternakan ayam broiler (pedaging) pola kemitraan perusahaan pengelola di kecamatan kandat kabupaten kediri. Jurnal Manajemen Agribisnis, 13(1), 71- 82.

Samarakoon, S. M. R., & Samarasinghe, K. (2012). Strategies to improve the cost effectiveness of broiler production. Tropical Agricultural Research, 23(4), 338-346.

Santoso, S. I., Sarjana, T. A., & Setiadi, A. (2018). Income analysis of closed house broiler farm with partnership business model. Bulletin of Animal Science, 42(2), 164-169.

Saptana., & Daryanto, A. (2013). Dinamika kemitraan usaha agribisnis berdayasaing dan berkelanjutan. Bogor: Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian.

Soekartawi. (2006). Analisis usaha tani. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia.

Sumarno, Hartono, H., Nugroho, B. A., & Utami, H. D. (2013). Farmers’ motivation in partnership farming system of broiler industry in Gerbang Kertasusila, East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4, 138-143.

Suwarta., Irham., & Hartono, S. (2012). Struktur biaya dan pendapatan usaha ternak ayam broiler di Kabupaten Sleman. Jurnal Agrika, 6(1), 65-85.

Yemima. (2014). Analisis usaha peternakan ayam broiler pada peternakan rakyat di desa karya bakti, kecamatan rungan, Kabupaten Gunung Mas, Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Jurnal Ilmu Hewani Tropika, 3(1), 27-32.

Yulianti, F. (2012). Kajian analisis pola usaha pengembangan ayam broiler di Kota Banjarbaru. Jurnal Socioscientia Kopertis Wilayah XI Kalimantan, 4(1), 65-72.

Yuliastuti, I. A. N., Kepramareni, P., Sugiantari, A. A. P. W., & Giri, I. K. S. (2020). Improvement of Asri Jewelry production capacity during covid 19 pandemic. Journal of The Community Development in Asia, 3(3), 7-12.

Yunus, M., Saade, M. A., & Ekasari, K. (2007). Analisis usaha peternakan ayam broiler (Studi kasus pada usaha peternakan ayam broiler di Kelurahan Boronghae, Kecamatan Bontomarannu, Kabupaten Gowa). Jurnal Agripola, 3(1), 54-59.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32535/ijabim.v6i1.937

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Applied Business and International Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Flag Counter

Published by : Association of International Business & Professional Management Publisher
Editorial Office:
Association of International Business and Professional Management (AIBPM) JL. Kahuripan No. 9 Hotel Sahid Montana, Malang, Indonesia
Phone:
+62 341 366222
Email: journal.ijabim@gmail.com (Administrator), 
           ijabimeditor@ejournal.aibpm.org (Editorial)
Website: http://www.ejournal.aibpm.org

If you are interested to get the journal subscription you can contact us

ISSN 2614-7432 (Print)
ISSN 2621-2862 (Online)

DOI: Prefix 10.32535 by CrossREF

International Journal of Applied Business and International Management INDEXED: